6. EY Global Tax Alert, USTR grants new exclusions for lists 1, 2 and 3 for products originating in China; The United States and Japan agree on merchandise trade and digital trade from September 27, 2019. The U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement (USJTA) came into force on January 1, 2020. In that agreement, Japan committed to grant the United States significant market access by phasing in most tariffs, implementing significant tariff reductions or allowing a certain volume of imports at a lower price. Once the USJTA is fully implemented, nearly 90% of U.S. food and agricultural products imported into Japan will be duty-free or preferential tariff access. The Digital Trade Agreement is a separate agreement that sets rules in the digital space.15 The content of the Digital Trade Agreement is virtually the same as the provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement (USMCA). Notable provisions include a ban on tariffs on electronically transmitted content (e.g. B software and music) and the recognition of an electronic signature as a legally appropriate authentication tool. This is important as the World Trade Organization (WTO) electronic transfer moratorium is to be renewed at the 12th Ministerial Conference in June 2020 (see the next issue of EY tradewatch for a corresponding article). Under President Trump`s leadership, the United States and Japan agreed on early outcomes of negotiations on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, as well as digital trade. The United States looks forward to continuing negotiations with Japan for a comprehensive agreement that would address the remaining tariff and non-tariff barriers and ensure fairer and more balanced trade. The United States and Japan have concluded a trade agreement on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, with plans to continue negotiations for an expanded free trade agreement.
On October 17, 2019, the United States and Japan agreed on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products. Japan`s legislature approved the agreement on December 5, 2019. President 9974`s proclamation was issued on December 26, 2019, with the effective date of January 1, 2020. On 30 December 2019, the Communication of the Federal Register (84 FR 72187) on the implementation of the agreement was published. Businesses with Japan and U.S. trade are invited to review the text of the agreements and understand the potential benefits. To this end, companies can consider immediate measures: 12. General Note 4 (a) (k) Schedule II of the trade agreement. ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/agreements/japan/Annex_II_Tariffs_and_Tariff-Related_Provisions_of_the_United_States.pdf. Within four months of its implementation, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe will relocate their efforts for a broader trade deal.
This broader agreement aims to cover both tariff and non-tariff barriers, including tariffs and restrictions on trade in services and investment. President Trump, as part of the government`s broader trade agenda, has long criticized the trade imbalance between the United States and Japan, the world`s largest and third-largest economies, respectively. To reduce the U.S. trade deficit by $56.7 billion, President Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe have jointly announced their intention to open negotiations for a U.S.-Japan trade deal in 2018. The United States and Japan agree on merchandise trade and digital trade, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe announced the trade agreement on September 25, 2019 at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.